Development of College of Industrial Technology FM Broadcast Trainer

From Social Sciences & Humanities
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Bibliographic Information
Journal Conference Proceedings of Educational Paradigm, Systems and Strategies
Title Development of College of Industrial Technology FM Broadcast Trainer
Author(s) Pangilinan, Bernardo
Volume 1
Issue 1
Year 2014
Pages 78-82
DOI 10.21016/ICEPSS.2014.14046
Full Text Crystal Clear mimetype pdf.png
URL Link
Keywords Radio, Portable, FM (Frequency Modulation), Broadcast, Trainer
Chicago 16th Pangilinan, Bernardo. "Development of College of Industrial Technology FM Broadcast Trainer." Conference Proceedings of Educational Paradigm, Systems and Strategies 1, no. 1 (2014).
APA 6th Pangilinan, B. (2014). Development of College of Industrial Technology FM Broadcast Trainer. Conference Proceedings of Educational Paradigm, Systems and Strategies, 1(1).
MHRA Pangilinan, Bernardo. 2014. 'Development of College of Industrial Technology FM Broadcast Trainer', Conference Proceedings of Educational Paradigm, Systems and Strategies, 1.
MLA Pangilinan, Bernardo. "Development of College of Industrial Technology FM Broadcast Trainer." Conference Proceedings of Educational Paradigm, Systems and Strategies 1.1 (2014). Print.
Harvard PANGILINAN, B. 2014. Development of College of Industrial Technology FM Broadcast Trainer. Conference Proceedings of Educational Paradigm, Systems and Strategies, 1.


An FM Broadcast Trainer was developed to expose the students to the basic equipment needed in radio broadcasting. The cost of Portable FM Broadcast Trainer is much lower than the cost of the traditional commercial equipment because of the materials used. The FM Broadcast Trainer is laboratory equipment that can be used by schools offering academic programs in Industrial Courses specifically Electronics Communication courses. At present there is no portable FM broadcast station available in the local market. Some schools are reluctant to by new FM station equipment since these are quite costly. To resolve this problem, the researchers deemed it necessary to design and develop a portable FM Broadcast Trainer that is simple and affordable to fulfil the basic curricular requirements for offering courses in Electronics Communication Technicians. This is a requirement for our graduates to qualify to take the Radio Telephone Operator examination given by the National Telecommunication Commission the telecommunication body in the Philippines counterpart of Federal Communication Commission in the US. Aside from this, the station will be a venue for Mass Communications students and a vehicle for channelling important announcement from the School.


The Public Philippine Higher Education System has always been faced with the problem of inadequacy of equipment. The same problem holds true with the Electronics & Electronics Communication Department of the Bulacan State University. To address this issue the researchers opted to develop a device that could serve as a Radio Training Station for several applications in electronic communication such as two way radio communication and FM radio broadcasting. This trainer will equip students with the necessary knowledge in operating basic radio communication equipment and will also develop their skills in manipulating the equipment and applying the proper protocol in radio broadcasting. This will be a great help for them to pass the licensure examination given by the National Telecommunication Commission (NTC). The study will also resolve the problems of acquiring recognition from NTC, the courses offering by the College such as Electronics Technicians and Electronics and Communications Technicians. Since one of the requirement of the NTC to give their recognition to a school is a Radio Training Station this study is significant. In the light of the inventions mentioned previously in the review and related literature and studies, the Portable Radio Studio Package and Harris FM Flyaway Package (2003) project aims to help remote areas and become an instrument to the people to have an equal distribution of news. It can also help them in the case of emergency when disaster strikes and all the transmission sites went down. This study will also be a vehicle for disseminating important announcement within the University through its low power transmitter and providing musical entertainment by tuning into the frequency of 87.5 Mhz. Breaking the barrier of cost of equipment to put up this Radio Station is also an objective of this study. The study Development of Radio Station (Cruz, K.L.,2010) bought base Radio Transceiver and single portable transceiver and other assorted devices and cost them close to P 50, 000. The study will try to significantly reduce the cost of developing this study. The study will seek the appropriate transmitter to transmit signal within the premises of the University. The study will try to utilize old projects of the students such as amplifiers, monitor speakers and FM transmitters to greatly reduce the costs of developing the radio station. The study will also gauge the acceptability of the device by subjecting it to evaluations of students, instructors in Electronics and practitioners in FM Broadcasting. Using consultation with radio practitioners and instructors teaching the FM broadcasting for decades the researchers will be coming up with cost efficient and technically sound study. Using questionnaires and interviews from experts the study will be continuously developed through this constructive criticisms and feedback.

Data and Method

In an effort to come up with the study, the conceptual model has been used as a guide in developing the CIT FM broadcast station.


Figure 1. Conceptual Framework

The INPUTS of the study are the conceptualization taken from similar studies and advised from experts in the field of Radio Broadcasting. Necessary permits were prepared as required by the National Telecommunication Commission such as purchased permit and construction permit. The design of the studio and set-up of equipment was also done during this stage. The equipment and materials as well of its costs have been identified.

The PROCESS composed of constructing the studio and interconnecting the radio equipment as well as fixing the Antenna. Testing and Calibration of transmit frequency are also successfully undertaken. After all the equipment have been set-up and calibrated the station was tested and evaluated by faculty handling Broadcasting and students of radio operations.

The OUTPUT was the operational FM Broadcast station after experts was satisfied and their recommendations were taken into considerations. The project foretold the limitation, conclusion and recommendation of the project.

Research Method

To attain the objectives set in the study, the developmental method of research was employed by the researchers.

Developmental Research aims to systematically examine products, tools, processes, and models in order to provide reliable, usable information to both practitioners and theorists. It is intricately connected to real world practice. It creates a loop with practice informing research and research, in turn, informing practice. (Richey and Klein, 2005)

Specifically the Type 1 developmental study was utilized as the main method for achieving the objectives which is focused upon a given instructional product, program, process, or tool. They reflect an interest in identifying either general development principles or situation-specific recommendations. Typically Type 1 studies address not only product design and development, but evaluation as well. At times they may validate a particular design or development technique or tool.

Data Gathering Instruments

The researcher used evaluation questionnaires to determine the respondent’s perception on the acceptability and functionality of the FM Broadcast Station Trainer. The profile of the respondents was shown below.

Statistical Treatment of Data

Weighted Mean- For the Trainer for each indicator

Table 1: Weighted Mean

Scale Verbal Interpretation
4.21 – 5.00 Highly Acceptable
3.41 - 4.20 Acceptable
2.61 - 3.40 Moderately Acceptable
1.81 - 2.60 Unacceptable
1.0 - 1.80 Highly Unacceptable

Table 2: Profile of Respondents

Teacher respondent by Schools Population Sample Size Percentage %
Bulacan State University 12 6 50
Bulacan Polytechnic College 3 3 100
AMA Computer University (Q.C.) 15 15 100
Lyceum of the Phil. University (Manila) 3 3 100
ABC 5 Engineers (2) 2 2 100
TOTAL 35 29 83

Results and Discussion

The group of evaluators composed of EEC Department faculty, engineers, people who are in the field of broadcasting and the beneficiaries were requested to evaluate the acceptability of the FM Broadcast Station in terms of the following criteria, namely; (1) Physical Features, (2) Cost, (3) Durability, and (4) Operation.

Physical Features

Table 3: Result of Physical Features

Physical Features Mean Interpretation
Physical features workmanship - the quality imparted to a thing in the process of making. 4.3 Very acceptable
Acceptability of the circuit sub- assemblies - easy to use or understand 4.2 Very acceptable
Labelling of the parts well presented -slip of paper, cloth, or other material, marked or inscribed, for attachment to something to indicate its control and destination. 4.3 Very acceptable
Average 4.26 Very acceptable

Base on the result of the evaluation, the appearance of the project was generally very acceptable as shown by the computed over all mean of 4.26.


The group of the evaluators proved the acceptability of the research project as far as appearance and construction is concerned.

The evaluators strongly agreed, as revealed by the computed mean = 3.36 for the cost of research study materials used are locally-available with standard quality and some of the materials and components are slightly used to be alternative source to attain reasonable costing. They also strongly agreed on the cost of the trainer unit as cheaper compared to the traditional FM Broadcast Station.

Table 4: Result of Cost

Cost Mean Interpretation
Material Cost - An amount paid or required in payment for a purchase. 3.3 Moderately Acceptable
Development Cost - An amount paid for the improvement of the project. 4.0 Very Acceptable
Average 3.36 Moderately Acceptable


Table 5: Result of Durability

Durability Mean Interpretation
Quality of Materials Used- Pre-established measure of the quality of a material, expressed in physical units. 4.1 Very Acceptable
Rigidity of Construction - The property of a substance that renders it inflexible, stiff, or no pliable. 4.0 Very Acceptable
Average 4.05 Very Acceptable

The table shown the materials used in the FM broadcast station are of quality standard as revealed an average mean of 4.05 which means that the materials used in very acceptable. As seen by the evaluators from the connectors, cables and to the major equipment.


Table 6: Result of Operation

Operation Mean Interpretation
Easy to Operate/ user friendly - Functioning effectively; efficient. 4.17 Very Acceptable
Absence of the risk of electric shock - The danger or probability of loss to an insurer. 4.3 Very Acceptable
Low Maintenance need -not needing much effort or money. 4.1 Very Acceptable
Average 4.36 Very Acceptable

Table 7: Over-all mean and descriptive rating of the evaluation of the acceptability of the device

Criteria Mean Descriptive Rating
  1. Physical features
4.26 Very Acceptable
  1. Cost
3.36 Moderately Acceptable
  1. Durability
4.05 Very Acceptable
  1. Operation
4.36 Very Acceptable
Total 4.008 Very Acceptable

Based on the foregoing findings the following conclusions were drawn:

  1. The transmitter used is capable to operate within the vicinity of the campus around 300 m radius and operating at 87.5 Mhz provided without any physical obstructions which prohibits line of sight transmissions.
  2. The equipment used are previous projects of the students to minimize the cost of the station.
  3. The dimensions of the radio room were based on NTC standards and it is located in the third floor of the CIT Building of BSU.
  4. Based from the evaluation of the respondent experts the device was deemed to be very acceptable.
  5. The program Bachelors in Industrial Technology major in Electronics and Communications Technology gained its recognition from National Telecommunication Commission after submitting all the documentary requirements and investigations of the facility .
  6. The graduates of the program may now allow to take the radio telephone operator examination given by NTC.


Aitken, Hugh G. J., The Continuous Wave: Technology and American Radio, 1900–1932, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1985.

Amplivox Portable Sound Systems (11 June 2010), Retrieved 16 January 2012,

AM/FM Radio Flyaway Portable Broadcast System, Retrieved 13 January 2012, www.­broadcast.­harris.­com/­media/­FlyawayBro.­p701_25-­8366.­pdfEugenii Katz, Lee De Forrest, Retrieved 17 February 2012.

Blake Roy, Electronics Communication, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall,2003

Eugenio, Duarte, Portable Docking Station (9 December 2008), Retrieved 18 January 2012,

Lathi B.P., Modern Digital and Analog Communication, Oxford University Press, 1998. Schweber, William. (1997) Electronic Communication System 2nd Ed. Singapore; Prentice Hall.

FM Tourguide (2011), Retrieved 19 January 2012,

Funk and Wagnall’s standards desk dictionary (AMPLIFIER) (July 2006), Retrieved 13 Febraury 2012,

Portable Audio Appliance (2010), Retrieved 16 January 2012,

Portable FM Radio Station put together by a Kenyan-Canadiab Peter Ongutin (2 January 2011), Retrieved 16 January 2012,

Portable Radio Studio Package, Retrieve 11 January 2012,

Portable FM Radio Stations: Broadcasting with the Sun (6 December 2002), Retrieved 18 January 2012,