Fiscal Decentralization and Gender Parity in Developing Asia

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Bibliographic Information
Journal NUML International Journal of Business and Management
Title Fiscal Decentralization and Gender Parity in Developing Asia
Author(s) Naeem, Sidra, Mahnaz Muhammad Ali
Volume 16
Issue 1
Year 2021
Pages 35-52
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Keywords Fiscal Decentralization, Gender Parity Index, Control of Corruption, Developing Asian Countries
Chicago 16th Naeem, Sidra, Mahnaz Muhammad Ali. "Fiscal Decentralization and Gender Parity in Developing Asia." NUML International Journal of Business and Management 16, no. 1 (2021).
APA 6th Naeem, S., Ali, M. M. (2021). Fiscal Decentralization and Gender Parity in Developing Asia. NUML International Journal of Business and Management, 16(1).
MHRA Naeem, Sidra, Mahnaz Muhammad Ali. 2021. 'Fiscal Decentralization and Gender Parity in Developing Asia', NUML International Journal of Business and Management, 16.
MLA Naeem, Sidra, Mahnaz Muhammad Ali. "Fiscal Decentralization and Gender Parity in Developing Asia." NUML International Journal of Business and Management 16.1 (2021). Print.
Harvard NAEEM, S., ALI, M. M. 2021. Fiscal Decentralization and Gender Parity in Developing Asia. NUML International Journal of Business and Management, 16.

Abstract

The traditional fiscal decentralization theorem claims that decentralized government can provide the goods and services at local level more efficiently. However, empirically it is still to explore that how fiscal decentralization affects gender parity. This study empirically investigates the impact of fiscal decentralization on gender parity in developing economies of Asia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Indonesia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz, Mongolia, Myanmar, Thailand and Turkey. The study used dynamic penal da ta technique namely system GMM over the period of 2006-2020. The multidimensionality of fiscal decentralization is captured through three measures of fiscal decentralization i.e. expenditure decentralization, revenue decentralization and composite decentralization. Further, it also examines the complementarity between fiscal decentralization and control of corruption to increase the gender parity. The results of the analysis show that expenditure decentralization is increasing the gender parity in developing economies of Asia. Additionally, control of corruption is a necessary reform to get the desired fruits of fiscal decentralization. Countries must focus on corruption aspect of local governments in implementing the expenditure, revenue and composite decentralization.

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